In a number of places, there is a group table. Groups define the properties of a thing (item, node, armor of entity, tool capabilities) in such a way that the engine and other mods can can interact with the thing without actually knowing what the thing is.


Groups are stored in a table, having the group names with keys and the group ratings as values. Group ratings are integer values within the range [-32767, 32767]. For example:

-- Default dirt
groups = {crumbly=3, soil=1}

-- A more special dirt-kind of thing
groups = {crumbly=2, soil=1, level=2, outerspace=1}

Groups always have a rating associated with them. If there is no useful meaning for a rating for an enabled group, it shall be 1.

When not defined, the rating of a group defaults to 0. Thus when you read groups, you must interpret nil and 0 as the same value, 0.

You can read the rating of a group for an item or a node by using

minetest.get_item_group(itemname, groupname)

Groups of items

Groups of items can define what kind of an item it is (e.g. wool).

Groups of nodes

In addition to the general item things, groups are used to define whether a node is destroyable and how long it takes to destroy by a tool.

Groups of entities

For entities, groups are, as of now, used only for calculating damage. The rating is the percentage of damage caused by items with this damage group. See [Entity damage mechanism].

object:get_armor_groups() --> a group-rating table (e.g. {fleshy=100})
object:set_armor_groups({fleshy=30, cracky=80})

Groups of tool capabilities

Groups in tool capabilities define which groups of nodes and entities they are effective towards.

Groups in crafting recipes

In crafting recipes, you can specify a group as an input item. This means that any item in that group will be accepted as input.

The basic syntax is:


For example, "group:meat" will accept any item in the meat group.

It is also possible to require an input item to be in multiple groups at once. The syntax for that is:


For example, "group:leaves,birch,trimmed" accepts any item which is member of all the groups leaves and birch and trimmed.

An example recipe: Craft a raw meat soup from any meat, any water and any bowl:

    output = "food:meat_soup_raw",
    recipe = {

Another example: Craft red wool from white wool and red dye (here, "red dye" is defined as any item which is member of both the groups dye and basecolor_red).

    type = "shapeless",
    output = "wool:red",
    recipe = {"wool:white", "group:dye,basecolor_red"},

Special groups

The asterisk (*) after a group name describes that there is no engine functionality bound to it, and implementation is left up as a suggestion to games.

Node and item groups

  • not_in_creative_inventory: (*) Special group for inventory mods to indicate that the item should be hidden in item lists.

Node-only groups

  • attached_node: the node is 'attached' to a neighboring node. It checks whether the node it is attached to is walkable. If it isn't, the node will drop as an item.
    • 1: if the node is wallmounted, the node is attached in the wallmounted direction. Otherwise, the node is attached to the node below.
    • 2: if the node is facedir or 4dir, the facedir or 4dir direction is checked. No effect for other nodes. Note: The "attaching face" of this node is tile no. 5 (back face).
    • 3: the node is always attached to the node below.
    • 4: the node is always attached to the node above.
  • bouncy: value is bounce speed in percent. If positive, jump/sneak on floor impact will increase/decrease bounce height. Negative value is the same bounciness, but non-controllable.
  • connect_to_raillike: makes nodes of raillike drawtype with same group value connect to each other
  • dig_immediate: Player can always pick up node without reducing tool wear
    • 2: the node always gets the digging time 0.5 seconds (rail, sign)
    • 3: the node always gets the digging time 0 seconds (torch)
  • disable_jump: Player (and possibly other things) cannot jump from node or if their feet are in the node. Note: not supported for new_move = false
  • disable_descend: Player (and possibly other things) cannot actively descend in node using Sneak or Aux1 key (for liquids and climbable nodes only). Note: not supported for new_move = false
  • fall_damage_add_percent: modifies the fall damage suffered when hitting the top of this node. There's also an armor group with the same name. The final player damage is determined by the following formula:
    damage =
      collision speed
      * ((node_fall_damage_add_percent   + 100) / 100) -- node group
      * ((player_fall_damage_add_percent + 100) / 100) -- player armor group
      - (14)                                           -- constant tolerance
    Negative damage values are discarded as no damage.
  • falling_node: if there is no walkable block under the node it will fall
  • float: the node will not fall through liquids (liquidtype ~= "none")
    • A liquid source with groups = {falling_node = 1, float = 1} will fall through flowing liquids.
  • level: Can be used to give an additional sense of progression in the game.
    • A larger level will cause e.g. a weapon of a lower level make much less damage, and get worn out much faster, or not be able to get drops from destroyed nodes.
    • 0 is something that is directly accessible at the start of gameplay
    • There is no upper limit
    • See also: leveldiff in [Tool Capabilities]
  • slippery: Players and items will slide on the node. Slipperiness rises steadily with slippery value, starting at 1.

Tool-only groups

  • disable_repair: If set to 1 for a tool, it cannot be repaired using the "toolrepair" crafting recipe

ObjectRef armor groups

  • immortal: Skips all damage and breath handling for an object. This group will also hide the integrated HUD status bars for players. It is automatically set to all players when damage is disabled on the server and cannot be reset (subject to change).
  • fall_damage_add_percent: Modifies the fall damage suffered by players when they hit the ground. It is analog to the node group with the same name. See the node group above for the exact calculation.
  • punch_operable: For entities; disables the regular damage mechanism for players punching it by hand or a non-tool item, so that it can do something else than take damage.

Known damage and digging time defining groups

  • crumbly: dirt, sand
  • cracky: tough but crackable stuff like stone.
  • snappy: something that can be cut using things like scissors, shears, bolt cutters and the like, e.g. leaves, small plants, wire, sheets of metal
  • choppy: something that can be cut using force; e.g. trees, wooden planks
  • fleshy: Living things like animals and the player. This could imply some blood effects when hitting.
  • explody: Especially prone to explosions
  • oddly_breakable_by_hand: Can be added to nodes that shouldn't logically be breakable by the hand but are. Somewhat similar to dig_immediate, but times are more like {[1]=3.50,[2]=2.00,[3]=0.70} and this does not override the digging speed of an item if it can dig at a faster speed than this suggests for the hand.

Examples of custom groups

Item groups are often used for defining, well, groups of items.

  • meat: any meat-kind of a thing (rating might define the size or healing ability or be irrelevant -- it is not defined as of yet)
  • eatable: anything that can be eaten. Rating might define HP gain in half hearts.
  • flammable: can be set on fire. Rating might define the intensity of the fire, affecting e.g. the speed of the spreading of an open fire.
  • wool: any wool (any origin, any color)
  • metal: any metal
  • weapon: any weapon
  • heavy: anything considerably heavy

Digging time calculation specifics

Groups such as crumbly, cracky and snappy are used for this purpose. Rating is 1, 2 or 3. A higher rating for such a group implies faster digging time.

The level group is used to limit the toughness of nodes an item capable of digging can dig and to scale the digging times / damage to a greater extent.

Please do understand this, otherwise you cannot use the system to it's full potential.

Items define their properties by a list of parameters for groups. They cannot dig other groups; thus it is important to use a standard bunch of groups to enable interaction with items.